Ghazan Mahmud, Mongol Ilkhan of Persia AH 694-703/AD 1295-1304
SICA-9, 501 (date); A 2170, Choice Very Fine
Tabriz mint, post-reform dinar of two mithqals (8.72gm). Ghazan’s name in Uighur, Arabic and vertically at left, in Pagspa script; at right and left, date in Arabic. Reverse, within elaborate pentafoil, the Kalima, mint name at center, date in margin segments. Pagspa script was devised by the Tibetan lama Drogon Chogyal Pagspa for Kublai Khan as a unified script for use by the Mongol Yuan dynasty in China. Most Ilkhanid gold coins from this point forward are struck at somewhat random weights, clustering around 4.3gm (one mithqal) and 8.6gm (two mithqals). In the trade, these are sometimes described as single and double dinars but this is not accurate. Gold was traded by weight rather than denomination. There is also a silver dinar, not to be confused with the gold, which was a fixed unit equal to six dirhams.