Al-Qahir, ‘Abbasid Caliph AH 320-322/AD 932-934
Bernardi 278Nf; A 252, Extremely Fine
Ahwaz mint. Kalima at center, the heir Abu’l-’Abbas named below, double obverse marginal legends with Qur’an 30:4 in outer margin, date formula in inner margin; Reverse, continuation of Kalima followed by al-muntaqim min a’da’ Allah li-din Allah, “lillah” above, Qur’an 9:33 in margin. The reverse inscription translates as “The avenger of Allah’s enemies for the sake of Allah’s religion”. This type is popularly called the ‘avenger dinar’. Ahwaz is the capital of Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. Rare.
The reigns of Al-Qahir (AD 932-934), al-Radi (AD 934-940) and al-Muttaqi (AD 940-944) were further indications that ‘Abbasid prestige and power were in sharp decline. The Persian Samanid Dynasty established independent rule in Eastern Persia, Tabaristan, and Transoxiana. The Samanids revived Persian language and literature, incorporating it successfully into the Islamic world as one of the three major spoken languages. It is at the time of the Samanids that the great Persian polymath Ibn Sina, (aka “Avicenna” in western literature) wrote his book “Canons of Medicine” which was translated into Latin and taught in Europe well into the 18th century.